Paul CÃ©zanne (19 January 1839 â 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
CÃ©zanne is said to have formed the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. CÃ©zanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey CÃ©zanne's intense study of his subjects. Both Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked that CÃ©zanne "is the father of us all".